History of the PCC

The geographical area where the Coffee Cultural Landscape of Colombia (PCC) is located has an extensive history of human occupations prior to the Antioquian colonization. Elements such as coffee –known as one of the best coffees in the world–, human effort –a production, collection, treatment and distribution process–, family tradition, tangible and intangible cultural heritage, and the towns’ trails and landscapes were all articulated as a result of these human occupations.

Special agricultural conditions enabled the region to be a plant domestication center of experimentation for more than 4,000 years. The first settlers arrived in the late Pleistocene, around 10,000 years ago, and began to alternate their traditional hunter-gatherer activities with cultivation.

Between 3,000 and 2,000 BC the region experienced important socio-cultural transformations. A significant portion of the handcrafted gold and pottery pieces known as Quimbaya classic style, which were part of the funerary rituals of influential political and religious characters, belong to this period.

Archeological traces of the pre-Columbian era and the colonial period´s influence in rural and urban architecture merge with the landscapes and architecture of the Antioquian colonization.