The concept of landscape (extension of terrain seen from a place or site) 1 is used differently by several fields of study, although all uses of the term implies the existence of an observing subject (the one visualizing) and of an observed object (the terrain), of which its visual, spatial qualities and the beauty of its means stand out fundamentally.
The landscape, from the geographic point of view, is the object of primordial study and the basic geographic document from which the geography is made. In general, it is understood by landscape any area of the terrestrial surface product of the interaction of the different factors present in it and that have a visual reflection in the space. The geographic landscape is therefore the aspect that acquires the geographical space. The landscape, from the artistic point of view, especially pictorial, is the graphic representation of an extensive terrain. With the same meaning the term country is used (not to be confused with the political concept of country).
The landscape can also be the material object to be created or modified by the art itself. In literature, the description of the landscape is a literary form that is called topography (term that also gives name to the topography as science and technique that is used for the graphic representation of the terrestrial surface). In literary and essayistic constructions it is usual to compare the landscape with the paisanaje (civilian), that is, the medium with the human groups.